JEE Mains: Class 12 Marks Normalization Unresolved

Normalisation of class XII marks in JEE: No consensus as NITs meet
Press Trust of India | Posted on Apr 11, 2013 at 02:00pm IST

New Delhi: The council of National Institute of Technology (NITs) met here on Tuesday to deliberate on options for normalisation of class XII marks across school boards, but there was no consensus. Sources said the next round of meeting to hammer out a solution is likely next week, even as students across the country are already in midst of appearing for the Joint Entrance Examination 2013 under the new format for admission to undergraduate programme.
The meeting was chaired by HRD Minister MM Pallam Raju. Board marks, according to the new format, are to be 'normalised' across school boards to ensure a level playing field to students from all states. According to the format, 40 per cent weightage is to be given to Class XII scores after normalisation of marks in JEE Main for determining admission to NITs, IIITs and other engineering institutes.
A committee was also set up with experts from the Indian Statistical Institute, CBSE and IIT Kanpur among others to "normalise" the Class XII board results. Sources said normalisation of marks between central boards like CBSE with state boards is the key challenge for the experts given the wide variance in marks awarded by different boards.

NIT meet fails to break deadlock over method to normalize class XII results
TNN Apr 10, 2013, 05.08AM IST

NEW DELHI: The meeting of the Council of National Institutes of Technology (NIT) failed to evolve a method to normalize class XII exam results of various secondary education boards.
Normalization method has to be finalized before the class XII exam results are declared. It has been necessitated as NITs and host of other central government-funded technical institutions have agreed to follow the new admission system in which 40 per cent weightage would be given to board exam results. But due to marked variations in the results of state boards normalization is needed.
The committee, comprising NIT directors, CBSE chairperson Vineet Joshi, Indian Statistical Institute faculty, and a member from IIT-Kanpur discussed four options on Tuesday. A source said, "Consensus could not be reached as there were some new members who had to be apprised of all options. Another meeting is slated next week."
Though there are four options, the committee has zeroed on two of them. One by transforming percentile score of all boards (based on aggregates of subject marks) identically in such a way that the set of transformed scores of the students of each board have the same distribution as the JEE-Main all India aggregate marks. Two by transforming percentile scores of each board (based on aggregates of subject marks) so that transformed scores of the students of each board have the same distribution as the JEE-Main aggregate marks of candidates appearing from that board.
Since last year, four options have been discussed. The first option is to increase the percentile of eligible students proportionately across the boards. Second is to equate the mean marks of the school boards. Third is to equate mean marks as well as the standard deviation. As fourth option RASCH model is being considered. Generally, RASCH is employed for analysing data from assessments to measure variables such as abilities, attitudes, and personality traits. This model factors in the difference in difficulty levels of subjects across the boards. This model is considered to be more sophisticated and will help address the apprehension about students from boards with easier syllabus having an edge over others.
The committee is testing data of 2011-12 results from eight boards on various options before deciding on the most suitable one.

Panel to ‘normalise’ board marks mulls 4 options
Anubhuti Vishnoi : New Delhi, Fri Mar 15 2013, 00:51 hrs

The expert committee set up to work out a fair method for "normalising" Class XII board results across 29 different school boards to ensure a level playing field for the reworked Joint Entrance Examination (JEE), 2013, is learnt to be considering four options.
As per the reworked JEE for admission to engineering institutes, 40 per cent weightage will be given to Class XII board results in JEE (Main), which is set to be held on April 7. The JEE (Advanced) will be held on June 3.
The committee, which has experts from the Indian Statistical Institute, CBSE and IIT Kanpur among others, is set to announce the method to "normalise" the Class XII board results by March-end.
The four options on the table are: increase percentile proportionately across school boards; equate mean marks of all boards; equate mean as well as standard deviation across boards; or use the more complex but sophisticated "Rasch model" that can effectively measure variables and will be able to take into account difficulty level of different subjects.
The committee is currently assessing these methodologies on the 2011-12 data of board results of 3.5 lakh students from eight different school boards.
Amid stiff opposition, the HRD ministry, then led by Kapil Sibal, had last year announced a new common entrance format for admission to IITs, NITs and IIITs from 2013. This new exam will have two components — JEE Main (for screening) and JEE Advanced (for the final IIT merit list).
The biggest challenge is to "normalise" school board marks, to ensure that a student under the Uttar Pradesh school board or Tamil Nadu school board is on par with a student from the CBSE/ ICSE board when the 40 per cent weightage to board marks is accorded.

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